Ir-Reazzjoni tal-Malta Catholic Youth Network fuq il-White Paper ‘Lejn it-Tisħiħ tal-Qafas Legali għall-Użu Responsabbli tal-Kannabis’

Fid-dawl tal-White Paper ippubblikata reċentement dwar l-użu responsabbli tal-kannabis, il-Malta Catholic Youth Network (MCYN), entità tal-Arċidjoċesi ta’ Malta, qed tippreżenta l-osservazzjonijiet u r-rakkomandazzjonijiet li ġejjin għal aktar konsiderazzjoni.

Matul is-snin, l-MCYN appoġġjat bis-sħiħ attivitajiet rikreattivi li jgħinu l-iżvilupp taż-żgħażagħ u l-bini tal-komunità, speċjalment fix-xogħol li jagħmlu diversi gruppi taż-żgħażagħ, ċentri, assoċjazzjonijiet u organizzazzjonijiet volontarji. Madankollu, l-MCYN hi kontra l-użu ta’ kwalunkwe sustanza psikoattiva u/jew ta’ ħsara, legali jew illegali.

Il-preokkupazzjoni primarja hi li din il-White Paper tista’ twassal għan-normalizzazzjoni u l-popolarizzazzjoni tal-użu tal-kannabis fost l-adolexxenti u ż-żgħażagħ, li jistgħu jiġu mqarrqa biex jemmnu li l-użu tal-kannabis m’għandux effetti ħżiena.

1. Id-differenza bejn il-kannabis rikreattiva u dik mediċinali

a. Għalkemm inizjalment issir distinzjoni bejn it-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) u l-Cannabidiol (CBD), il-White Paper ma tagħmilx distinzjoni ċara bejn il-benefiċċji u l-perikli taż-żewġ sustanzi, billi titkellem dwarhom bħallikieku l-effetti benefiċjali u perikolużi tagħhom huma ugwali.

b. Sabiex dan id-dibattitu nazzjonali dwar l-użu responsabbli tal-kannabis ikun wieħed li jħalli frott, iż-żewġ modi differenti ta’ użu tal-kannabis – l-użu responsabbli u l-użu mediċinali – għandhom jitħallew kompletament separati, u b’hekk jiġu diskussi f’żewġ White Papers differenti.

c. Għaldaqstant, din il-White Paper għandha tiddiskuti biss l-użu responsabbli tal-kannabis, u għandha tinkludi referenzi xjentifiċi għal-livelli ta’ THC u CBD.

F’każi ta’ użu responsabbli tal-kannabis:

2. Id-dekriminalizzazzjoni

a. Naqblu mad‑dekriminalizzazzjoni tal-kannabis fejn jidħol użu personali minn adulti b’tali mod li dawk dipendenti mis-sustanza ma jingħatawx sentenza ta’ ħabs iżda l-opportunità li jfittxu l-għajnuna minn possibilità ta’ vizzju.

b. Naqblu mal-proposta li minuri fil-pussess tal-kannabis għall-użu personali m’għandhomx ikunu soġġetti għal proċeduri quddiem il-Qrati ta’ Ġurisdizzjoni Kriminali iżda għal proċeduri amministrattivi quddiem il-Kummissarju għall-Ġustizzja u l-Bord ta’ Rijabilitazzjoni ta’ Persuni li Nqabdu bid-Droga.

3. L-edukazzjoni

a. Kampanja edukattiva bħal din għandha tibda billi tgħallem il-miżuri preventivi li wieħed għandu jieħu biex jibqa’ ’l bogħod minn sustanzi bħall-kannabis.

b. Ir-riskji u l-benefiċċji ta’ din is-sustanza psikoattiva m’għandhomx jiġu ppreżentati fuq bażi ugwali, għaliex ir-riskji huma akbar mill-benefiċċji. Għandha ssir distinzjoni ċara bejn kannabis rikreattiva u mediċinali meta jiġu diskussi l-użi u l-effetti tagħha.

c. Il-kampanja edukattiva għandha l-ewwel timmira li tippromwovi forom oħra ta’ rikreazzjoni (bħall-isport u l-arti) sabiex tnaqqas l-użu ta’ sustanzi psikoattiva u/jew ta’ ħsara.

d. Fondi għall-faċilitajiet u policies għall-promozzjoni ta’ forom alternattivi ta’ rikreazzjoni (bħall-isport u l-arti) għandhom jingħataw prijorità.

4. Is-safeguarding tal-minuri u tal-vulnerabbli

Kif urew l-istudji xjentifiċi, l-użu tal-kannabis minn żgħażagħ taħt l-età ta’ 21 sa 25 iżid ir-riskji tal-effetti ta’ ħsara tal-kannabis. Nipproponu li l-leġiżlazzjoni tagħmel dispożizzjonijiet li mhux biss jissalvagwardjaw il-minuri u jnaqqsu l-użu tal-kannabis fost il-minuri, iżda wkoll jipproteġu u jappoġġjaw adulti li għandhom riskju ogħla li ssirilhom il-ħsara (bħal dawk bejn l-etajiet ta’ 18 u 25 u persuni vulnerabbli oħra).

Konklużjoni

L-MCYN, konxja mill-gruppi ta’ lobbying li jippruvaw jillegalizzaw l-użu tal-kannabis, temmen li r-riżultat ta’ dan il-lobbying se jsofruh dawk l-aktar vulnerabbli fis-soċjetà u dawk inqas infurmati.


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